IPS, TFT, OLED, AMOLED, SUPER AMOLED, RETINA display - difference
What is the difference between IPS, TFT, OLED, AMOLED, SUPER AMOLED and RETINA display ? Which ones are considered as better ?
The difference between IPS, TFT, OLED, AMOLED displays is in technology. Because of different technology, some of them have better contrast, better colors or other advantages.
IPS means In-Plane Switching. It is an advanced type of LCD display, based on liquid crystals rotation, using electric field. IPS displays are using a backlight. They have a good color showing and offer wider viewing angle.
TFT means Thin Film Transistor. It is a type of LCD display, based on changing the pixel colors using transistors. TFT displays are using a backlight. They often don't offer as good viewing experience as IPS displays. The viewing angle is not so wide. Their advantage is a lower energy consumption and lower price. TFT displays are often used in tablets.
OLED means Organic Light-Emitting Diode. This type of display is using more advanced technology than LCD displays. OLED displays don't need a backlight, because their pixels emit own light, so they can be switched off completely, which allows them to show a true black color. Because of that, they have a good color showing even in direct sunlight, high color contrast and wide viewing angle. OLED displays are usually used in more expensive mobile phones or other devices.
AMOLED and SUPER AMOLED are the types of OLED displays. AMOLED means Active Matrix Organic Light-Emitting Diode. These displays offer better quality than OLED displays. Super AMOLED is a term created by Samsung. Super AMOLED displays have an integrated touch screen digitizer.
RETINA is a name (brand) of IPS and OLED displays used by Apple. Retina displays have higher pixel density than regular Apple displays.